Solar system installation is increasingly becoming a future trend. Solar energy is a renewable energy source that is both clean and ecologically beneficial and provides several economic benefits. So, what exactly is a solar installation, and how is it structured? What are the steps involved in the installation process? Learn more in the following article.
About solar system installation: structure, application and installation process
The solar power system is a system that converts sunlight directly into electricity through solar panels. Solar energy provides an infinite, reliable energy source that produces no CO2 emissions and brings a lot of value to people. Therefore, solar system installation is increasingly popular in life as well as industries. The following content will detail the issues of this clean energy source.
Solar system installation components: Details of the structure of the solar system
The essential components of a solar system installation include solar panels, inverters to convert electricity (inverters), solar chargers, and storage battery systems. Each of these parts plays a different vital role to help create the most efficient solar power system, specifically:
- Solar panel: The main component in solar cells is pure silicon – on the surface containing a large number of light sensors are photodiodes. It is responsible for collecting and converting solar energy into electricity, then providing electricity for the whole system to operate. The most common solar panels today are polycrystalline or monocrystalline solar panels.
- Inverter: It is responsible for converting the DC power of the solar cell to AC power for use in electrical equipment.
- Solar charging: It is responsible for ensuring the charge of energy from the solar cell to the battery system, helping the battery and the system work better and improving its lifespan.
- Storage battery system: Because solar power is not continuously produced due to fixed lighting time, the batteries are then used to store electricity. When the grid power is lost or the solar power system does not produce electricity, these storage batteries will provide electricity.
How solar system installation is used and practical applications
When installing a solar system, we think of the first application to generate electricity for living or production. The use of solar energy to replace fossil fuels ensures an inexhaustible source of clean energy and contributes to reducing environmental pollution and the greenhouse effect. Therefore, people are increasingly improving technologies to exploit this natural resource to use for many purposes effectively.
Solar installation is also highly versatile, and it can be installed as a distributed generation at or near the point of use or as a large-scale power supply solar power plant. Both of these methods can store energy for use in the absence of sunlight to convert electricity.
Solar system Installation Process – Basic steps to install a solar power system
The most convenient and popular place for solar system installation is the roof. It called roof top solar. However, before implementation, it is necessary to evaluate the technical parameters and the roof’s condition so that the panels get maximum sunlight. In case of roof installation is not feasible, can also install solar panels on the ground as long as no elements are preventing the panels from being exposed to sunlight.
The installation steps are as follows:
- Step 1: Install Solar Panel Mounts
Depending on the structure and roof height, the operator may need a scaffolding system or a specialized ladder for solar system installation.
The first step is to install the racking system – the basic structure for installing solar panels. In addition to sturdiness, the orientation of the rack is a significant issue. The mounting structure must incline and select the inclined direction so that the panels receive maximum sunlight. An angle of inclination from 18 to 36 degrees is considered ideal.
- Step 2: Install the Solar Panels
The solar panels will be set up on the rack structure. This step is done by tightening the nuts and bolts to stay firmly in place and last a long time.
- Step 3: Wire the Solar Panels
The next step in the solar system installation is to install the wiring. MC4 connectors are preferred for this procedure as they are suitable for all types of solar cells. One point to note is disconnecting the entire power supply of the home or office during the installation of electrical wires.
- Step 4: Install Solar Inverter
Then install the energy inverter with the system. The Positive (+) wire of the solar panel connects to the Positive terminal of the inverter, and the Negative wire connects to the negative terminal of the inverter. It should keep the inverter in a cooler place to ensure its efficient operation.
- Step 5: Connect Solar Inverter and Solar Battery
The next solar installation step is to connect the inverter to the solar battery. The anode and cathode of both are connected in the same way as step 4. The storage battery system will help you not worry about power shortage if there is no sunshine when it is raining or cloudy.
- Step 6: Connect the Inverter to the Consumer Unit
Connect the inverter to the grid to generate electricity. This step uses a plug to connect to the power board, and an output wire is connected to the home power supply board. You can also use the generation meter to track how much electricity your solar system installation generates.
- Step 7: Start Solar Inverter
After completing the above steps, the last step is to turn on the switch to start the system. The installation of the solar system has been completed.
Check out this article to understand more about rooftop solar systems: What is a rooftop solar system? Overview about solar energy
As can be seen, solar energy is an ideal energy source and worth the investment. Above are the basic steps of the solar system installation process. However, whether for commercial or residential use, you need the help of energy solution providers to assess the terrain and usage needs. This ensures you have an economical and efficient electrical system.